What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder?
According to Autism Spectrum Australia, Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a lifelong development disability characterised by difficulties in social interaction, communication, restricted and repetitive interests and behaviours, and sensory sensitivities. These behaviours often manifest in an intense and focused interest in a particular subject matter; stereotyped body movements like hand flapping and spinning; and an unusual and heightened sensitivity to everyday sounds or textures.
People with ASD experience difficulties with social interaction and impaired and unusual verbal and non-verbal communication.
The word spectrum reflects the wide range of challenges that people with an ASD experience and the extent to which they may be affected.
More than one in 100 Australians has an ASD, or 230,000 people in Australia alone. It is four times more common in boys than girls.
The quality of life for many children and adults can be significantly improved by an early diagnosis and appropriate evidence informed treatment.
Autism Spectrum Australia (Aspect) supports people with ASD and their families by providing information, education and a variety of services aimed at meeting the specific needs of each individual.